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 Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

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Date d'inscription : 15/02/2011

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MessageSujet: Pattom A. Thanu Pillai   Pattom A. Thanu Pillai Icon_minitimeMer 16 Fév - 8:30

Pattom A. Thanu Pillai (born. Thiruvananthapuram on 15 July 1885 - d. 27 July 1970) was a participant in the Indian independence movement who later served as the Chief Minister of Kerala from 22 February 1960 to 25 September 1962.

He was born to Varadayyan and Eswari Amma. He worked as a teacher. He earned a degree in law and started practising as a lawyer, but soon became an active participant in the struggle for independence and joined the Indian National Congress, becoming leader of Congress in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore.

His actual name was A. Thanu Pillai. Since he came from Pattom in Thiruvananthapuram, he was called Pattom Thanu Pillai. Popularly he was known as just "Pattom".

The struggle for a responsible government in the princely state culminated in the ousting of the Diwan, Sir C.P. Ramaswami Iyer. Sir C.P. left Travancore on 19 August 1947. After Indian Independence and before the formation of Kerala state in 1956, he became Prime Minister of Travancore from 24 March 1948 to 22 October 1948. After independence, the princely states of Travancore and Cochin were amalgamated to form Travancore-Cochin State on 1 July 1949.

As a PSP member Pillai became Chief Minister of Thiru-Kochi (or Travancore-Cochin) from 16 March 1954 to 14 February 1955. The State of Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 and the first state elections held there in March 1957 and resulted in a Communist Party-led administration. Pillai was an MLA for Thiruvananthapuram II representing the PSP.

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